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Episerver CMS iconContent types

This topic is intended for administrators and developers with administration access rights in Episerver.

Content in Episerver can be page and block types, folders, or media files such as images and documents. Content can also be products in a product catalog in Episerver Commerce.

Content types and properties

Page and block types contain the properties where editors enter information, such as a link to an image on a web page.

For a content type, you define a set of properties that can hold information, such as a link to an image, a web page, or editorial text. A typical website has a set of content types that match the identified functions needed on that website.

The content type is the foundation from which you create one or many page or block instances. To display content to visitors, the page or block type and its properties need to be mapped to corresponding rendering.

The content concept in Episerver is based on inheritance from a “generic” content type, which then is used to create specific content types, such as a page type or a media folder. Using this feature, developers can create custom content types easily when they set up new websites.

  • You can define page types either in code or from the admin view. However, you can define block types only in code.
  • For page types defined in code and for all block types, you can define “non-breaking changes” of properties in admin view.
  • You are notified if you cannot change the settings defined in code in admin view.
  • If you make changes to a page type defined in code, you can reset the changes to the original values defined in code.

Page types

Be careful when you alter page type settings because changes may cause the website to stop working. Although you can create page types in admin view, you should create them from code.

Editing a page type

To edit settings for an existing page type, open the page type on the Page Type tab, click Settings, change the settings, and click Save.

Because you can identify page types and their properties either in code or from the admin view, you can change some settings from admin view. If a page type is created from code, this is shown on the page type information page under General.

You cannot delete certain page types defined in code. These are typically page types upon which other page types are based, such as the standard or default page and the start page.

Using the Access level area, you can define which users or user groups will have access to the page type.

Creating a page type from admin view

  1. On the Page Type tab, select Create New Page Type.
  2. Set values in the Information tab.
  3. Set values on the Default Values tab.

    You can set default values for some of the built-in properties in Episerver CMS from admin view. You also can specify default values for the properties from code, but these are not visible in the admin view.

  4. Set values on the Available Page Types tab.

    When creating new pages, you should limit the available page types in the page type list, to make it easier for editors to chose the correct page type. For example, for a News List parent page, you can specify that the only available page type is News Item.

  5. Click Save.

Copying an existing page type

When you copy a page type, its properties also are copied. You can then edit the information for the page type and its properties. Copy a page type as follows:

  1. Select Copy Page Type in the Page Type tab in admin view.
  2. Select the page type that you want to copy from the drop-down list and click Copy. A window appears containing the exact same properties.
  3. Edit the page type information to suit your requirements and click Save.

Block types

Block types are similar to page types, and you can modify some settings from admin view.

Edit the settings for an existing block type as follows:

  1. Select the block type on the Block Type tab and click Settings.
  2. Change one or several of the settings as described for Creating a page type from admin view.
  3. Click Save, (or Revert to Default if you want to restore your settings).

Other content types

By default, there are generic content types for other types of content such as folders and media files. Based on these, developers can create specific content types. You can have a specific folder or media file content type, where you can add properties such as Copyright or Photographer.

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Episerver User Guide 17-2 | Released: 2017-03-13 | © Episerver 2017 | Send feedback to us